Located in Southeastern Europe, Bulgaria is a country at a crossroad of civilizations, both modern and ancient.

Here are 8 interesting facts to get you acquainted with our country:

  • Bulgaria dates back to the 7th Century

Established in 681, Bulgaria is one of the oldest European countries and the only one in Europe that has never changed its name.

  • Bulgaria is third in Europe in terms of number of archeological sites after Italy and Greece
  • The Alexander Nevsky Cathedral, located in the capital Sofia, is one of the largest Orthodox churches in the world
  • The Cyrillic alphabet became the third official one in the European Union when Bulgaria joined the EU

Bulgaria was the first country in the European Union to use the Cyrillic alphabet and when the country joined in 2007, the alphabet became the third official one in the EU, after the Latin and the Greek alphabet.

  • The Varna Gold Treasure is the oldest in the world
  • Plovdiv is the oldest city in Europe

Bulgaria’s southern city Plovdiv, which was the European Capital of Culture for 2019, has existed for more than 8000 years.

  • A healthy bacterium is named after Bulgaria

Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. Bulgaricus, formerly known as Lactobacillus bulgaricus, is a healthy bacterium and the main one used in the production of yoghurt.

  • Almost one third of Bulgaria is covered with forests

Bulgaria is one of the counties with the greatest number of forests in Europe. They take one third of the country’s territory and are home to 43 endangered animal and plant species.

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